Universal Postal Union Agreement

By remaining in the UPU, the United States retains a leading role in the global postal system. The adoption of Option V allows the United States to increase the price of parcels arriving from other countries in exchange for a contribution to the EU Voluntary Contribution Fund. The United States has obtained permission to set its own Inbound postal costs and remains within the UPU. In 2010, the United States was a net shipper because it shipped goods to other countries. This year, the U.S. Postal Service reported a surplus of $275 million on international mailings. [20] In addition, the UPU system was only available for public postal services. Low terminal rates have given United States Postal Service an advantage over private postal services such as DHL and FedEx. In order to protect their profits by sending international mail, the United States voted with developing countries to keep final tariffs low. They were rejected by the German Bundespost and the Norwegian Post Office, which wanted to increase the final tariffs. [18] The U.N. agency, which connects postal systems around the world, has agreed, at the suggestion of the United States, to reform its tariff structure, diverting the Trump administration`s threat to leave the global network, but may cause many consumers to pay more. The International Office of the UPU (IB) monitored disruptions to the global supply chain following the COVID 19 pandemic and tried to find ways to mitigate its effects, particularly with regard to widespread restrictions and cancellations of passenger flights.

With the outbreak of the china-U.S. trade war in 2018, the issue of final taxes has been raised. The Americans complained that sending a package from China to the United States was cheaper than the same package within the United States. At that time, the UPU postal development index scale was used to classify countries into four groups, from the richest to the poorest. The United States was a Group I country, while China was a Group III country, with countries such as Mexico and Turkey having a similar GDP per capita. As a result, China paid lower final fees than the United States. [22]:38 The Donald Trump administration lamented that it had been “forced to heavily subsidize the small packages that arrive in our country.” [23] On October 17, 2018, the United States announced that it would withdraw from the UPU within a year and that it would declare the rates it charges other postal services. [24] Negotiations on postal contracts could take years. The United States drew up a postal contract with France in 1852,[5] but the two countries were divided on how to distribute the inland port,[4]721 and a treaty was not signed until 1857. [6] However, the contract was terminated. Elihu Washburne, the new American minister in France, arrived in Paris in 1869 for “the unique show …

no postal agreements between two countries bound by so many social and trade relations. [7]13-14 After the defeat of Napoleon III at the Battle of Sedan, the United States was the first country to recognize the Third Republic of France, an event that brought thousands of Parisians to the streets and shouted “Long live America.” [7]:124 However, such sentiments did not pave the way for a postal contract. The United States and France finally exchanged ratification of a postal treaty in July 1874,[8] just three months before the Universal Postal Union made the treaty redundant. [7]:14[9]:254-255 An angry washburne complains: “There is no nation in the world that is more difficult to conclude contracts than France.” [7]:13 Wednesday`s agreement will allow the United States to begin setting its own postal rates in July and allow other countries receiving more than 75,000 tons of mail per year to start higher rates in January 2021.